- Category: Delivering As One
Recent experiences of the UN system have shown that only a unified and strong United Nations which acts, speaks and delivers results through joint efforts, is well placed to tackle the global challenges lying ahead. Based on high-level discussions between the UN and Government, the UNCT has been officially requested to use the “Delivering as One” (DaO) approach as the overarching vision and principle for UN assistance to Ghana. A number of mechanisms and tools have been developed to structure and operationalize Delivering as One for all areas of UN work in Ghana. As a “Delivering as One” country, Ghana is building on the pilot experiences with DaO in other countries which started using the approach in 2007.
How is the “Delivering as One” approach structured?
The Delivering as One approach is part of the ongoing efforts towards reforming the UN system. As a continuation of past efforts towards UN reform, “Delivering as One” seeks to fully integrate the key dimensions of UN activities into one comprehensive package. The DaO initiative is based on five key pillars: One Leader, One Budgetary Framework, One Programme, Operating as One and Communicating as One.
- One Programme: One Programme brings all members of the country team together under one nationally-owned strategy that draws on the full range of UN expertise. One Programme in Ghana is a coherent and strategic UN response to Millennium Development Goals and Government priorities. The One Programme was designed in consultation with Government and is guided by Government priorities. The priority areas for joint UN programming are based on the broader UN Development Assistant Framework (UNDAF), which is fully aligned to the Ghana Shared Growth and Development Agenda (GSGDA).
- One Budgetary Framework (see chart below): One budgetary framework is one of the most essential pieces for delivering as one in that it ensures UN agencies to commit to the common financial framework while achieving results based on UNDAF. The UN Country Team has agreed to present the UNDAF Action Plan (UAP) with a single financial framework, showing each agency’s planned results together with the funding source. Each agency’s core resources will remain within the control of the agency, but spending will be fully aligned with the UNDAF.
- One Leader: The Resident Coordinator (RC) system encompasses all organizations of the United Nations system dealing with operational activities for development. The RC system aims to bring together the different UN agencies to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of operational activities at the country level. The Resident Coordinator is the designated representative of the UN Secretary-General and the overall leader of the UN Country Team, which includes all UN agencies and offices working in Ghana.
- Operating as One: Harmonizes business processes and develops common services for all UN agencies with a view to increasing operational efficiency and cost-savings. UN agencies in Ghana have different historical legacy, where they were set up in dissimilar administrative and management structure. In this context, however, the UN in Ghana has taken steps towards coordinated operations in the field of finances, administration, common premises, ICT and procurement. The United Nations Operations Management Team (OMT) was established to ensure harmonization of administrative structures and procedures of different UN agencies and offices.
- Communicating as One: The United Nations Communications Group (UNCG) Ghana was established in 2006 as the common communication platform of UN System in Ghana to support programme delivery and the ability of the Country Team to ‘Communicate as One’. The UNCG comprising of the communication focal persons of all UN agencies working in Ghana assists the One Leader and One Programme in fulfilling the communication requirements both for information and support to achieving programme to strengthen inter-agency collaboration and coherence in the field of communications and to increase the visibility of the Unite Nations activities at the national level.
Key Benefits of Delivering as One
The objective of Delivering as One is to enhance the efficiency, effectiveness and relevance of the United Nations to better assist the Government in achieving its development results - including the Millennium Development Goals.
“Delivering as One” requires the UN to do business differently. This does not mean that UN agencies are merged into a single entity. Instead, Delivering as One brings all UN entities in country together in working jointly and coherently for increased and sustainable development impact, while at the same time reducing the UN’s operational costs and the transaction costs for national partners in working with the UN system. As such, DaO embodies the essence of aid effectiveness and coordination, both internally (in the collaboration among UN Agencies) and externally (in the relations between the UN, government and other development partners). Key objectives are:
- Provide a transparent overview of UN activities and financial arrangements, ensure accountability and reduce transaction costs.
- Position the UN more strategically in areas where it has a distinct comparative advantage.
- Increase the collective impact of UN interventions through more coherent, coordinated and focused strategies and programmes.
- Contribute to aid coordination, increase access to additional resources and reduce inter-agency duplication.